Friday, September 14, 2012

5 amazing lakes in Russia

Kaspiyskoe Sea - the lake, the largest in terms of area and volume of water. K goes to the shores of five states. The salinity of most of the lake about three times less than the ocean, in the north to almost fresh water.

The coastline of the Caspian Sea is estimated at 6500 - 6700 km, from the islands - up to 7000 kilometers.

In the Caspian Sea runs 130 rivers, of which 9 have the mouth of the river in the form of the delta. The major rivers flowing into the Caspian Sea - the Volga, Terek (Russia), Ural, Emba (Kazakhstan), Kura (Azerbaijan), Samur (border between Russia and Azerbaijan), Atrek (Turkmenistan)

In the Caspian Sea recorded 101 species of fish, it is for the majority of the world's sturgeon and freshwater fish such as roach, carp, pike-perch.

The biggest danger for the Caspian Sea related to water pollution from mining and transportation of oil on the continental shelf of pollutants from entering the Volga and other rivers flowing into the Caspian Sea, the vital functions of coastal cities, as well as flooding of individual objects due to the increased level of the Caspian Sea .

Lake Baikal - the largest freshwater lake Evrazii.Samoe deepest lake in the world. The depth of the lake 1642 meters.

Water storage in Lake Baikal giant - 23 615.39 km ³ (about 19% of the world's fresh water lake - in all freshwater lakes of the world contains 123 thousand km ³ of water). By volume of water reserves Baikal is the second largest in the world of lakes, second only to the Caspian Sea

In the fall of Baikal 336 rivers and streams

In the winter Baikal freezes over completely, except for a small area of ​​15-20 km in length located at Angara

in the lake inhabited by 2,630 species and varieties of plants and animals

Ladoga and Onega lakes - the largest in Europe.

In Lake Ladoga carry their waters largest rivers Svir, and Volkhov Vuoksi, several dozen medium-sized rivers and more than a hundred small ones. This follows from a lake Neva.

In Lake Ladoga - an abundance of islands, which number more than 650

Lake Onega - one of the largest freshwater bodies of Europe. This area covers approximately 10,000 square kilometers, the length to 248 km, width up to 80 kilometers. The average depth of 30 meters of the lake.

The lake is famous for the huge number of islands, especially in the northern part. Their total number amounts to 1369

Lake Elton

Elton Lake - one of the most interesting natural objects in the Volgograd region. Salt Lake enormous size, comparable only to that of Israel's Dead Sea, lies a middle Pallasovka steppe.

Eltonskoe Lake is the largest and richest of all the world famous salt lakes. The thickness of the layer of salt is still uncertain. But the most important thing in Eltonskaya - its medicinal properties. Once there was even a museum of crutches left behind: the people who came here on crutches, in a month or two back home, leaving his crutches at a local spa

It has long been observed that by the end of summer lake surface is painted in a mysterious purple-golden color.

Lake of Lotuses

In Russia, the lotus grows in only two places - in the Astrakhan region and the Far East. Lake of Lotuses (or goose) - a unique body of water all summer carpeted rare pink flowers. This lake is located on one of the most picturesque islands of Peter the Great Bay

About Lake told a marvelous legend. If used in its place was a valley where the village was located. Middle of the village was well. One of the well began to pour the water that flooded the village. This is believed to have broken the water of Lake Baikal, which connects the Goose huge underground channel. It is said here, even shipwrecks, sunken in the lake, they find it. And endemic cisco found in the lake of lotuses.



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